Discrepancies in the lit, II
In a 2011 paper published in Emotion Review titled Emotion and Morality in Psychopathy and Paraphilias - Harenski (U. of New Mexico) states her findings “demonstrate that psychopaths and likely sexual sadists experience significant deficits in their emotional processing and experience.”
Then we have, Empathy in sexually sadistic offenders: An experimental comparison with non-sadistic sexual offenders, a paper by Nitschke, et al. that says their results “suggest that severe sexual sadism is a distinct, pathological sexual arousal response, not a deficit in emotional processing.”
Big difference there. A place where distinguishing the underlying systems can tell us what’s what. Confidently going with the Germans on this one, obv.